RENEE MCFARLAND lives
in Mountlake Terrace
and is the current chair
of the Editorial Advisory
Committee to NWLawyer.
She can be contacted at reneemcf93@
1. Phillip J. Cooper, "By Order of the President: The Use and Abuse of Executive
Direct Action," 172 (University Press of
Kansas, 2d ed. 2014).
3. The Library of Congress, Science Reference
4. The American Presidency Project,
who-shaped-americas-public-lands; American Presidency Project, www.presidency.
OFFICE OF HOMELAND SECURITY
President George W. Bush used executive orders to consolidate 22 federal agencies
into a new Office of Homeland Security, whose primary mission is fighting terrorism.
After the events of 9/11, President Bush and his administration actively worked to
expand authority for unilateral executive action.
NATIONAL PARKS AND MONUMENTS
Through a series of presidential proclamations, President Barack Obama set aside more
public land and water than any other president before him—over 265 million acres. Using
the Antiquities Act, he expanded the Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument
in August 2016, and established, among others, the Northeast Canyons and Seamounts
Marine National Monument (September 2016), the Bears Ears National Monument and
the Gold Butte National Monument (December 2016). 6