We would appreciate the opportunity to
work with you to help your client.
WebXtra: “Cultural Competency is Good Business for
Lawyers and the Profession,” by
Anthony D. Gipe, NWSidebar,
Jan. 2015; http://bit.ly/ccigbfl.
1. According to the U.S. Census Bureau.
states/ 53000.html. Race is but one of the
components of culture. Yet it is the only
readily available measure of diversity we
have and must suffice for comparison here.
2. See WSBA Membership Study, 2012. Available at www.wsba.org/About-WSBA/
3. See “From the ‘Inside-Out’: WSBA’s Journey of Inclusion,” 2014. Available at
4. Marie A. Chisholm, Pharm.D., “
Diversity: A Missing Link to Professionalism,”
American Journal of Pharmaceutical
Education, 2004; 68 ( 5) Article 120, at 1.
6. For a discussion of cultural competence in
the legal field far more nuanced than this
one, see Travis Adams, “Cultural Competency: A Necessary Skill for the 21st
Century Attorney,” The William Mitchell
Law Raza Journal, Vol. 4, 2012–13. More
information on cultural competence,
broadly written, can be found at the National Center for Cultural Competence
7. See www.nih.gov/clearcommunication/
8. Travis Adams, “Cultural Competency:
A Necessary Skill for the 21st Century
Attorney,” id., citing Milton Bennett,
“Becoming Interculturally Competent,”
In Wurzel, J. (Ed.) (2004). Toward Mul-ticulturalism: A Reader in Multicultural
Education 62, 72 (2004).
9. Gallacher, Ian, “Thinking Like Non-Lawyers: Why Empathy is a Core Lawyering
Skill and Why Legal Education Should
Change to Reflect its Importance”
(2010). College of Law Faculty Scholarship, Paper 6, n. 2.
10. Moreover, if you blind yourself to your
own biases, you cannot protect your cli-
ents against the biases they will invari-
ably face in the justice system.
11. Be careful to maintain the attorney-cli-
ent privilege. Confidentiality can extend
to interpreters in certain circumstances,
but be sure the interpreter knows and
understands the privilege and its impor-
12. Nelson P. Miller, “Beyond Bias, Cultural
Competence as a Lawyer Skill,” Michigan
B. J., June 2008, 38.
14.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of
Mental Disorders, 5th ed. (DSM- 5).
15. DSM- 5, p. 750–757.
16. Ann Fadiman, The Spirit Catches You
and You Fall Down, Farrar, Straus and Gi-roux, 1997. These questions share similarities with the Cultural Formulation
Interview in the DSM- 5.