transgenic properties will inherit the characteristics needed for research. The rejected animals will be disposed of, often in
inhumane ways. In the case of genetically
engineered salmon, the modified salmon
could potentially ease pressure caused by
heavy fishing of wild populations.
Animal law is a combination of statu-
tory and case law. Statutes concern-
ing animals vary by state, so it’s im-
portant to read and know your state’s
laws. As time has passed and societal
viewpoints have shifted, ideas such as
protecting animals from neglect, cru-
elty, or exploitation have become more
common. However, the interests of
animals and the interests of people are
often disproportionate and while laws
have changed over time, the prevailing
thought continues to be that animals
only warrant the protection of the law
to the extent that protection will not in-
terfere with some more important hu-
man interest. NWL
mass tort and
law in Seattle.
The only pet
she owns is
a blue-and-pink stuffed dachshund.
She can be reached at selisberg@
1. The New Zealand Animal Welfare Act of
1999 banned the use of non-human hominids (chimpanzees, bonobos, gorillas, and
orangutans) in research, testing, and teaching except where such uses are in the hominids’ best interests. In 2002, the Netherlands prohibited the future testing on
chimpanzees after the end of trials already
in progress. In 2003, Sweden banned the
use of all nonhuman apes in research. In
December 2005, Austria amended its animal protection laws to forbid experiments
on chimpanzees, orangutans, and gorillas.
In 2013, a European Union Directive went
into effect that banned the use of great apes
in scientific procedures except in cases of
“conservation of the species itself” or in the
case of “a serious pandemic affecting the
human population of Europe.”
2. Matter of Nonhuman Rights Project, Inc. v.
Stanley, 2015 NY Slip Op 31419 (July 29,
3. Naruto v. Slater, 15-cv-4324 (N.D. Cal. Sep.
4. A.C.A. § 5-62-102.
5. I.C. § 25-3502.
6. U.C.A. 1953 § 76-9-301.
7. West’s F. S. A. § 828.01–828.43.
8. NJSA 4: 22-16–4: 22-60.
9. U.S. Patent 4,736,866 (filed June 22, 1984;
issued April 12, 1988; expired April 12,
10. See pages 73104–73105 of Federal Register
Volume 80, Number 226 (Tuesday, Nov. 24,
11. U.S. Patent 5,545,808 (filed March 10, 1994,
issued Aug. 13, 1996).